Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through faeces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food.
Salmonellas are a group of common bacteria that cause food poisoning. They are usually spread by inadequate cooking and through cross-contamination. Salmonella bacteria are most often found in:
undercooked poultry such as chicken or turkey
Young children, the elderly and people whose immune systems are not working properly have a greater risk of becoming severely ill with food poisoning caused by salmonella.
You can avoid most forms of food poisoning by following advice on the 4Cs of food hygiene:
It’s also important to remember never to drink untreated water from lakes, rivers or streams.
Always wash your hands (Opens in a new window) thoroughly with soap and warm water:
before preparing or eating food
after handling raw foods
after going to the toilet
after changing a baby's nappy
after touching bins
after contact with pets and other animals
Source - Food Standards Agency UK
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